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Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause range of illnesses including from fever and the common cold to MERS coronavirus, which is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus and SARs, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus which are life-threatening for humans. Coronavirus disease also known as COVID-19.

How does the coronavirus spread?

Experts believe the virus that COVID-19 spreads from person to person mainly in contact with someone who’s already infected with coronavirus. There are several ways this can happen like:

  • Droplets
  • Surface transmission
  • Fecal-oral

COVID-19 can also pass it on before you notice any signs of infection, called presymptomatic spread.

What is the incubation period for COVID-19?

It appears that symptoms are showing up in people within 14 days of exposure to the virus.

What are symptoms of COVID-19?

As per WHO COVID-19 symptoms are classified in three different groups as Most Common, Less Common and Serious:

Most common symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Tiredness

Less common symptoms:

  • Aches and pains
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Headache
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • A rash on skin, or discoloration of fingers or toes

Serious symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Loss of speech or movement

How is COVID-19 diagnosed?

Diagnosis happens through lab testing of respiratory specimens. Diagnosis may be difficult with only a physical exam because mild cases of COVID-19 may appear similar to the flu or a bad cold. A laboratory test can confirm the diagnosis.

How is COVID-19 treated?

As of now, there are no specific treatments for coronaviruses, but symptoms can be treated with supportive measures to relieve symptoms caused by COVID-19.

How do you protect yourself from this coronavirus?

It’s very crucial and important to practice good hygiene, respiratory etiquette and social and physical distancing. You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions like:

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
  • Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and others.
  • Avoid going to crowded places.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene.
  • Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover.

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